The 'Norway spiral' has been studied extensively and the conclusion seems to be that it is an effect related to the launch of a Bulava class missile from the White Sea area, close to Mermansk in northern Russia. For some reason, the third stage of the missile failed at a high altitude and this optical effect was created.
You may think that this looks like a fake, but there are many different photos of this light in the sky, taken from places far enough apart that it was possible to triangulate its position. It was within an agreed exclusion zone set aside for test launches of missiles.
See this link for a detailed analysis.